Archive | 一月 2017

Glasswort (Salicornia europaea) 海蘆筍or鹽角草 

Glasswort (Salicornia europaea) 海蘆筍or鹽角草

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Glasswort (Salicornia europaea) seeds are very small. 海蘆筍or鹽角草的種子很細小.

Aquatic annual or short lived perennial/succulent/edible vegetable.  The plant can be either eaten raw or cooked.  It has salty taste. Very hardy. Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun location in moist soil.  Flowers in late summer to early fall.  USDA Zones:8-10. Mature size:1.5′-2′(H)/(W).   Propagate by seeds, cuttings or division.  Plant is easy to get smashed and broke like glass, hence the common name ‘glasswort’.  One of the edible weeds!

水生植物一年生的或短期的多年生草本/多肉/可食性蔬菜.  植物能生食也能煮過後來食用. 吃起來有鹹味.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照處的濕潤土壤中. 夏末秋初間開不起眼的小花.  喜熱不甚耐寒. 成熟株高1.5-2呎,寬幅亦同.  繁殖方式以種子,扦插或分株的方式來進行.  因其形態與特性故又名海蓬子,海珊瑚.   它是眾多可食性的"野草"之一.

Reference links:參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salicornia_europaea                      https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%e6%b5%b7%e8%93%ac%e5%ad%90      https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%e7%9b%90%e8%a7%92%e8%8d%89         http://www.twwiki.com/wiki/%E9%B9%BD%E8%A7%92%E8%8D%89    http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/189523/#b               http://luirig.altervista.org/flora/taxa/index1.php?scientific-name=salicornia+europaea   http://www.alsagarden.com/en/20-salicornia-europaea-salicorne-graines.html#sthash.iJ1NWhnR.dpbs

Arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia)慈姑

Arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia) 慈姑

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Arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia) bulbs are commonly sold in Asian supermarket.慈姑球根亞洲超市都有在賣.

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Arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia) bulbs turning green when in warm and moist condition. 慈姑球根在保濕保溫下轉綠了.

 

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Arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia) bulb is forming roots. Where the roots grow is always higher up not the bottom of the bulb as other plants. 慈姑球根發根了,它的根長在球根上面而非像其他植物一樣發根在球的底部.

 

Hardy aquatic perennial/root vegetable.  Easy to grow and propagate.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location in moist soil (or in pond).  White flowers in summer.  Flowers attract bees.  USDA Zones:6-11.  Mature size:2′-3′(H/W).  Propagate by rhizomes/bulbs, offsets or division.  Medicinal.  Bulbs are edible after cooked, it is starchy and crispy.  It is one of the edible weed!  Suitable for growing in containers.

慈姑是強健多年生的水生植物/根莖類蔬菜.  容易栽種及繁殖.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處的濕潤土中(或池塘中).  夏天開白色花朵,頗吸引蜂類. 耐寒也耐熱!  成熟株高2-3呎,寬幅亦同.  繁殖方式以球根,側芽/走莖或分株方式來進行.  有藥用價值.  秋後植株生長出膨大的球根,球根煮後可以食用,含高澱粉,脆脆的.

Reference links:參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagittaria_sagittifolia                   https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E6%85%88%E5%A7%91                  http://www.meishij.net/%E6%85%88%E8%8F%87                      http://www.kdais.gov.tw/view.php?catid=989&print=1   http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/31458/#b

 

Rice Paddy Herb (Limnophila aromatica) 越南毛翁

Rice Paddy Herb (Limnophila aromatica) 越南毛翁
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Rice Paddy Herb (Limnophila aromatica) 越南毛翁

Also called Ngo om in Vietnamese. Tropical perennial herb/vegetable. Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location in moist soil.  It can be aquatic planted in shallow water side.  Late summer to early fall with pretty pale blue flowers.  Flowers attract bees and butterflies.  It’s tender parts of shoots are used in Asian and Vietnamese cooking. The plant has a strong aroma.  It has the taste of citrusy cumin flavour.   Plants are often used fresh in soups, curries and also as a garnish.  USDA Zones:10+.  Mature size:6″(H) X 6″-1′(W).  Propagate by cuttings or division.  Suitable for containers indoors.
越南香菜之一.  熱帶多年生香草/蔬菜.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處的濕潤土壤中. 也能種在淺水處的水邊. 夏末秋初開粉色偏藍色的小花. 花頗吸引蜂蝶. 他的嫩芽枝葉多用於亞洲菜色及越南菜料理.  植株香味濃. 嚐起來有著類似檸檬與孜然的味道. 常用於湯類,咖哩類及擺盤裝飾用.  喜熱不耐寒. 成熟株高6吋,寬幅6吋到1呎.  繁殖方式以扦插和分株方式來進行.  適合室內盆植.
Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) 木鱉果

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) 木鱉果

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Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seeds. 木鱉果的種子.

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Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seeds. 木鱉果的種子.

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Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seeds after remove the shells. 木鱉果的種子去殼後的樣子.

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Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seed germination in about 7-10 days. 木鱉果種子約7-10天孵出.

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Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) plants start to climb on bamboo sticks. 木鱉果植株開始攀爬在竹枝上面.

Tropical tender perennial vine.  Native in Southeast Asia. Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location in warm and moist soil.  The value of this plant is in its orange red juicy seed coating/pulp for sticky rice which is vibrant, flavourful and nutritious.  Seeds are toxic if eaten, but it is medicinal.  Spiny fruit peel is dark red with short soft spiny bumps the look is quite unique.  The plant is either male or female.  So make sure you have both for fruit purpose!  Yellow flowers bloom from late spring to fall, fruit ripe in late fall/early winter to late winter.  Tender shoots can be blanched first then for stir-fry.  Unripe green fruit in whole also can be used for cooking.  Fruit start to ripe will be toxic and only the ripe fruit seed red juicy coatings are eaten as fruit.   USDA Zones:9-11.  Mature size:   Seeds are medicinal.  Seeds are toxic if ingested.

木鱉果是熱帶多年生藤類.  原生於南亞各地.  容易栽種. 最好栽種於全日照到半日照處的溫暖濕潤的土壤.  它的栽種價值在於它的熟果內包覆種子的果肉,直接去籽食用或混入米食內料理成顏色鮮艷,味道更佳的營養米食.  種子有毒勿食,種子是有名的中藥材.  橘紅色有短短的軟刺熟果還蠻特別的.  植株是雌雄異株,所以以結果為前提來種植的話要多孵幾顆種子才行以提高雌雄株皆有的機率.  春末到秋開黃花,花後結果於秋末到冬末才成熟.  嫩莖葉可汆燙後炒食.  未熟的綠色果實整顆可以煮食料理.  快轉熟變色的瓜要等熟成後才能食用其包覆種子的果肉.  植株喜熱怕冷.  成熟植株可達30呎長.  

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gac                                                               https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E6%9C%A8%E9%B1%89%E6%9E%9C      http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/174939/          http://www.seedman.com/gac.htm             http://www.zysj.com.cn/zhongyaocai/yaocai_m/mubiezi.html                        http://allseasonsgofarm.blogspot.ca/                                                    http://cht.a-hospital.com/w/%E6%9C%A8%E9%B3%96%E5%AD%90  https://www.richters.com/Web_store/web_store.cgi?product=X8345&show=&prodclass=Herb_and_Vegetable_Seeds&cart_id=111.100

 

Chinese Hawberry(Crataegus pinnatifida)中藥山楂

Chinese Hawberry(Crataegus pinnatifida)中藥山楂

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Chinese Hawberry(Crataegus pinnatifida) dried sliced pieces are for Chinese traditional medicine or herbal tea use. 中藥山楂切片乾果常用於中藥與茶飲.

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Chinese Hawthorn seeds.中藥山楂的種子.

 

It is a beautiful flowering tree with food/medicinal uses of ripe fruit.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun location.  Pale pink or white flowers in late spring to early summer.  Flowers attract bees and butterflies.  Large marble sized fruit ripe to red. Fruit attract birds and wild animals to feed on.  Fruit is acidic which are making candy, herb tea or combine other fruit juices for beverage.   USDA Zones:6-9. Mature size:15′-20′(H)/(W).  Propagate by seeds, cuttings, grafting or air layering.  Suitable in small to medium garden.

蠻美的開花落葉樹種,其成熟轉紅的果實常見用於食用及藥用.  容易栽種.  最好栽種於全日照處.  淡粉紅色或全白色的花於春末到初夏盛開.  花頗吸引蜂蝶.  紅色熟果約大彈珠的大小,常切片曬乾或糖漬處理.  鮮果蠻吸引鳥類及其他野生動物的採食.  其熟果味酸澀多切片乾燥處理或糖漬或榨汁混合其他果汁成為飲料.  耐寒性及耐熱性尚可.  成熟株高15-20呎,寬幅亦同.  繁殖以種子,扦插,嫁接或高壓方式來進行.  它是很適合中小型花園的樹種.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crataegus_pinnatifida
http://www.21nx.com/21nx/html/zhuanti/zhongcaoyao-shiliao/shancha/2010/1119/16760.html
http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/79365
http://www.ornamental-trees.co.uk/crataegus-pinnatifida-var-major-tree-pp817
http://cht.a-hospital.com/w/%E5%B1%B1%E6%A5%82

White Mulberry (Morus alba) 大果桑

White Mulberry (Morus alba) 大果桑

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White Mulberry (Morus alba) cutting is growing leaves! 大果桑扦插枝條長出綠葉了!

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White Mulberry (Morus alba) cuttings. 大果桑扦插枝條.

Large deciduous hardy fruit tree for its highly producted long fruit.   Easy to grow. Best growing in full sun location.  USDA Zones:4-10.   Although some said it is cold hardy to zone 6.   Mature size:20′-40′(H)/(W).  Propagate by cuttings or layering/air-layering.  Medicinal.

大型落葉強健的果樹,通常以生產可食用較大顆果實的桑果目的為主來栽種. 容易栽種. 最好栽種在全日照處.  耐寒也耐熱.  成熟株高20呎到40呎,寬幅亦同.  繁殖以扦插或壓條/高壓方式來進行. 有藥用價值.

Reference links:參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morus_macroura                                       https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E5%A5%B6%E6%A1%91               http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/178025/#b                                            http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/content/himalayan-mulberry.htm

 

Variegated Wax Plant (Hoya carnosa ‘Variegata’) 斑葉毬蘭

Variegated Wax Plant (Hoya carnosa ‘Variegata‘) 斑葉毬蘭

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Variegated Wax Plant (Hoya carnosa ‘Variegata’) 斑葉毬蘭

Tropical perennial climber. Easy to grow and propagate.  Best growing in partial shade to light shade location in moist soil. Fragrant pink flowers in clusters in summer.  USDA Zones:9-11. Mature size:12′-15′(H/L) X 1′-2′(W).  Propagate by seeds, cuttings, layering or division.  Suitable for growing in the container indoors.

熱帶多年生爬藤.  容易栽種及繁殖.  最好栽種在半日照到散光處的溫暖濕潤的環境.  夏開粉色成簇芳香的小花. 喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高/藤長12-15呎,寬幅1-2呎.  繁殖方式以種子,扦插,壓條或分株的方式來進行. 適合室內盆植.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoya_carnosa                                    https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E7%90%83%E5%85%B0                                               http://www.plantsrescue.com/tag/hoya-carnosa-variegata/                http://www.llifle.com/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Asclepiadaceae/27667/Hoya_Carnosa_f._Variegate