Tag Archive | medicinal

Wild Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia ‘Abbreviata Seringe’)山苦瓜

Wild bitter melon (Momordica charantia ‘Abbreviata Seringe’)山苦瓜

2018-05-25 Wild Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia 'Abbreviata Seringe')山苦瓜 - Copy

Wild Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia ‘Abbreviata Seringe’) seedling. 山苦瓜的小實生苗.

Annual vegetable vine/herb.  Prefer growing in warm to hot temperature.  Very easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location in moist but well drained soil.  Yellow flowers in summer to fall.  Flowers attract bees.  The whole plant has strong bitter odor.  Small edible fruit ripe to orange, fruit contains seeds with red coating.   Tender shoots and young leaves are also good for cooking. Whole plant can be dried and store for herbal tea use.  Medicianl.  Mature size:10′-12′(H/L) X 1.5′-2′(W).  Propagate by seeds.

葫蘆科苦瓜屬,一年生之草質藤.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處排水佳的濕潤土壤.  夏到秋開黃色花.  花頗吸引蜂蝶.  全株有苦味,結的果實比一般苦瓜要小些,外皮綠色果熟時轉為橙色,果內種子有紅色籽囊包覆.  全株可以食用. 全株可以乾燥後貯存作為泡茶用. 藥用.  成熟株高藤長呎.  繁殖以種子的方式來進行.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

http://lam.hl.gov.tw/hadd/index.aspx?unit=cyclopaedia&p=detail&index=1&ac=18       https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40495-016-0045-2                                 http://www.stuartxchange.org/AmpalayangLigaw.html          https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/61001/


Dwarf Hog Plum (Spondias cytherea)矮性莎梨

Dwarf Hog Plum (Spondias cytherea)矮性莎梨

2018-05-02 Dwarf Hog Plum (Spondias cytherea)矮性莎梨 - Copy

Dwarf Hog Plum (Spondias cytherea) fruit and fruit pit. 矮性莎梨的熟果與果核.

Tropical fruit.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location.  White flowers bloom repeatedly.  Plant is easy to prune to desirable size.  USDA Zones:9-11.  Mature size:1.5′-6′(H/W).  Propagate by seeds.  One fruit pit in each fruit, one fruit pit contains 3-5 seeds.  Seeds only viable in short time when they are still fresh.  Almost 1 year germination period so be patient!  Medicinal.  Suitable for growing in containers.

熱帶水果.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處.  全年可開花結果,花白色.  植株可以隨意修剪成想要的大小.  喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高/寬幅1.5-6呎.  繁殖以種子的方式來進行.  一果一核,一核內有3-5顆種子.  種子活性短需要趁新鮮隨即種下去.  種子種下後到發芽的時間約一年,所以要耐心等待!  藥用.  適合盆植.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/Spondias_cytherea.htm                        https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/59318/

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) 鹿蹄草

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) 鹿蹄草

2018-04-21 Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) 鹿蹄草 (1) - Copy

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) is a low mount groundcover with evergreen glossy foliage and bright edible red berries. 鹿蹄草是低矮的地被,有著常綠的葉與可食性紅色果實.

Cold hardy perennial/groundcover.  Evergreen glossy foliage with bright red marble sized edible berries which is very attractive!   Easy to grow.  Best growing in partial shade to full shade location in acidic, slightly moist but well drained soil.  Small pinkish white bell shaped flowers in spring.  Flowers attract bees, ripe berries attract birds and wildlife.  Ripe fruit tastes like tooth paste because in old days tooth paste manufacture chose this refreshing flavor!  But now tried the berries just feel that I am eating a “tooth paste" flavored berries!  USDA Zones:3-8.  Mature size:2″-6″(H) X 1′-1.5′(W).  Propagate by seeds or division.  Medicinal.  Bronze red foliage in fall.  Suitable for container indoors.  Excellent for woodland garden and alpine garden.

耐寒強健的多年生/地被植物.  有著光滑葉面的常綠葉片和彈珠大小鮮紅的可食性果實使得它極具觀賞價值!  容易栽種.  最好栽種在半日照到全蔭處的酸性土壤,土壤偏濕但仍需排水良好.  春開鈴狀粉紅色小花.  花頗吸引蜂類,果實成熟吸引鳥類及野生動物.  熟紅的果實嚐起來有"牙膏味"因為早期牙膏廠商用其清新的果味選作了當作牙膏的味道!  但現在嚐到果實反過來卻覺得是"牙膏味"頗為奇怪!  喜韓不耐熱.  成熟株高2-6吋,寬幅1-1.5呎.  繁殖以種子或分株的方式來進行.  藥用.  秋天時葉片為由綠轉紅銅色的美麗秋色.  適合室內盆植.  很適合用於林地型花園和高山型花園.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaultheria_procumbens                    https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1101/

Clasping Twisted Stalk or Watermelon Berry (Streptopus amplexifolius) 抱莖扭柄花

Clasping Twisted Stalk or Watermelon Berry (Streptopus amplexifolius) 抱莖扭柄花

2018-04-09 Clasping Twisted Stalk or Watermelon Berry (Streptopus amplexifolius) 抱莖扭柄花 (2) - Copy

Clasping Twisted Stalk or Watermelon Berry (Streptopus amplexifolius) seeds. 抱莖扭柄花的種子.

Also known as wild cucumber.  Cold hardy bulbous perennial.   Easy to grow.  Best growing in partial shade to full shade. Yellow flowers in mid spring to early summer.  USDA Zones:3-8. Mature size:1′-2′(H) X 9″-1′(W).  Propagate by seeds, bulbs, offsets or division.  Edible young shoots and leaves and small amount of ripe red berries.  Ripe berries have watermelon like flavor.  Medicinal.

又稱為野黃瓜. 耐寒強健的多年生草花.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在半日照到全蔭處.  仲春到初夏時開黃色小花.  耐寒不耐熱.  成熟株高1-2呎,寬幅9吋到1呎.  繁殖以種子,球根,側芽或分株的方式來進行.  新生的嫩葉及少量紅色熟果可以食用(吃多有輕瀉的作用).  熟果嚐起來像是西瓜的味道.  藥用.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptopus_amplexifolius                                       https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E6%89%AD%E6%9F%84%E8%8A%B1%E5%B1%9E        https://nativeplants.evergreen.ca/search/view-plant.php?ID=00681           http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/55439/#b


Thai Black Ginger (Kaempferia parviflora) 泰國黑薑or小花山奈

Thai Black Ginger (Kaempferia parviflora) 泰國黑薑or小花山奈

2018-04-09 Thai Black Ginger (Kaempferia parviflora) 泰國黑薑or小花山奈 - Copy

Thai Black Ginger (Kaempferia parviflora) bulb/rhizome. 泰國黑薑or小花山奈的塊根.

Tropical perennial.   The inner rhizome flesh is purple, dark to black when dried.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to full shade location in moist but well drained soil.  Small white flowers with deep pink center bloom in spring.  USDA Zones:9-11.  Mature size:1′-1.5′(H/W).  Propagate by rhizomes or division.   Medicinal.  Suitable for growing in container indoors.  Medicinal.

熱帶多年生草花.  塊根內部暗色,乾燥後呈現的紫黑色. 容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處的濕潤但排水佳的土壤.  春開小白花花中帶有深粉紅色紋.  喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高/寬幅1-1.5呎.  繁殖以塊根或分株的方式來進行.  適合室內盆植.  藥用.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaempferia_parviflora                              http://blog.xuite.net/wmwm5600/blog/562025209-藥用植物簡介%28884%29泰國黑薑https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/234325/#b                      http://www.gingersrus.com/cart/index.php?productID=72

Skunkvine (Paederia foetida) 雞屎藤

Skunkvine (Paederia foetida) 雞屎藤

2016-04-09 035 (Medium)

Skunkvine (Paederia foetida) dried mature fruit. Each fruit contains 1-2 seeds. 雞屎藤乾燥的熟果. 每顆果內有1-2顆種子.

2015-04-02 Skunk vine雞屎藤 (2) (Medium)

Skunkvine (Paederia foetida) seeds. 雞屎藤的種子.

2016-04-14 034 (Medium)

Skunkvine (Paederia foetida) seed germination in only several days. 雞屎藤種子還蠻快孵出的.

2016-05-10Skunk Vine (Medium)

Skunkvine (Paederia foetida) seed germination in only several days. 雞屎藤種子還蠻快孵出的.


Tender perennial flowering vine.  Whole plant is medicinal and edible.  Leaves can be harvested and cooked as leafy vegetable or as I remembered to chop the leaves and mix with eggs to make omelet.  It is very common used to give a boost for kids or young adults to grow taller.  Also could dry the harvested leaves then blend the dried leaves into powder for storage, when use the powder can mix with rice flour to make dumpling kind of food.  It is a fast growing vine so in some warm countries not eating them will be considered as invasive weed.  The whole plant has an strong scent/odour some people really dislike it hence the common name.

Best grow in full sun to partial shade loction.   Small bell shape, white flowers with magenta inner flower colour in large amount in summer.  Yellow-orange ripe fruit in fall, inside of its fruit with dark seeds. USDA Zones:6-11.   Mature size:20′(L/H) . Self-seed.  Propagate by seeds, cuttings or dividing plants.

多年生草花爬藤.  不甚耐寒.  全草具有藥用及食用價值. 葉片可採來如葉菜類煮食,或切碎後炒蛋吃. 老一輩的人說給小孩吃能幫助長高.   根切小段後燉煮粉腸可以治頑強咳嗽.    中國南方通常藉由乾燥葉片後搗成粉狀來貯存或和麵包餡做成粿或餃或丸形來吃.  由於它生長快速,在某些不吃它的溫暖國家被視為強勢的雜草.  全株有濃濃特殊的味道,有些人很不喜歡所以有臭藤的別名.  易於栽種,不耐寒.  開小花如小鈴鐺,外白內紅,數量多.  果熟呈橘黃色,外有薄硬殼,內有種子1-2枚.  種子約播下後5-7天內發芽.  繁殖以種子,壓條,扦插或分株.  它算是兼具食用與藥用的路邊野草!  非常容易栽種在全日照到半日照處.  夏天開花,秋結橘黃色果實,果實內種子黑色.  容易結子.  成熟藤高/長20呎.

Reference links:  參考資料的網站連結:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paederia_foetida                                             http://www.doctorayur.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=195:paederia-foetida&catid=34:health-guide

Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) 布福那or黑老虎

Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) 布福那or黑老虎

2018-03-05 Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) 布福那or黑老虎-1 - Copy

Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) regular red fruited seeds. 布福那or黑老虎的普通紅果的種子.

2018-03-05 Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) large green fruit seeds布福那or黑老虎 - Copy

Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) large green fruited seeds also way bigger. 布福那or黑老虎綠色大果的種子較為大顆.

2018-03-27 Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) 布福那or黑老虎 (2) - Copy

Hei Lao Hu (Kadsura coccinea) seeds germination in about 22 days. 布福那or黑老虎的種子約22天發芽.

Hardy evergreen fruit vine.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in partial shade to light shade location in sandy slightly acidic soil.  Plant has shallow roots, require sturdy structure (6’+) for climbing when growing in the field.  Pale red flowers in late spring to summer. Male and female flowers on the same plant.  Plant care as grape vine.  USDA Zones: 7-11.  Mature size:20′-30′(H) X 24′-36′(W).  Propagate by seeds, cutting, layering.  Medicinal.  Suitable for container indoors.  Growing in the container will have to prune to size.  Seed grow to mature about 1-3 years.  Seeds should be kept in certain moisture to be viable.

強健常綠的藤類. 容易栽種.  最好栽種在半日照到散光處的砂質略為ˊ酸性的土壤.  此植物根系淺,露的地植需要穩固的至少6呎高的棚架來攀爬生長.  淡紅色花於春末到夏季開放.  雌花與雄花皆在同ˊ株.  植株管理與葡萄無異.  喜熱不甚耐寒.  成熟株高/藤長可達20-30呎,寬幅24-36呎.  繁殖以種子,扦插,或壓條的方式來進行.  藥用.   適合室內盆植.  盆植則需修剪使植株小巧.   種子到生長到開花結果僅1-3年.  種子需要保濕以保持活性.

Reference links: 參考網ˋ站資料連結:

https://kknews.cc/agriculture/rz3njjn.html        https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/243113/      http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Kadsura+coccinea              http://blog.xuite.net/h030232/twblog/308898186                https://kknews.cc/agriculture/9yo8y3q.html