Tag Archive | tropical fruit

How to grow Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) from seeds 山竹種子孵法

How to grow Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) from seeds 山竹種子孵法

2015-12-16 158 (Medium)

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) fruit. 山竹果實.

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How to grow Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) seeds are harvested from ripe fruit. 從山竹熟果取出的山竹種子.

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Use baggie method: clean the seeds first, use new clean bag to bag the seeds, add few drops of clean water, seal the bag and place this bag in warm location, about 1 week, you will see some seeds start the signs of germination. 洗淨種子後用乾淨的新夾鍊袋裝起後加入兩三滴清水,封好後放置於溫暖處. 約一週就可見有些種子開始有孵出的跡象. — sign of Mangosteen seed root growing. 山竹種子的小白腿伸展中.

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See that? There are two spots growing–one is root, one is shoot. 看到沒? 一顆種子有2處有生長跡象,一處是發根,一處是芽.

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Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) seed germination. 山竹種子孵出.

Tropical evergreen fruit tree.  The fruit is so delicious!  Remove the thick purple shell and then eat the sweet, tender, juicy, sweet and full of flavor inner garlic clove look flesh.   Very nice when the fruit is chilled in hot summer!   Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location in moist soil.  Mature plant size:15′-30′(H) X 20′-30′(W).  USDA Zones:11+.  Propagate by seeds.

熱帶常綠果樹.  這個水果非常好吃!  切開厚厚的紫色外皮後裡面是如蒜瓣形狀的柔軟果肉,甜嫩香甜又多汁.  夏天冰鎮後吃起來更棒!  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處的濕潤土壤中.  成熟株高15-30呎高,20-30呎寬幅.  喜熱怕冷.  以種子來繁殖.

Use baggie method: clean the seeds first, use new clean bag to bag the seeds, add few drops of clean water, seal the bag and place this bag in warm location, about 1 week, you will see some seeds start the signs of germination.

洗淨種子後用乾淨的新夾鍊袋裝起後加入兩三滴清水,封好後放置於溫暖處. 約一週就可見有些種子開始有孵出的跡象.

Let these seeds grow to shoot appear then take them out for planting.

要等到小白腿伸展後出芽時才取出種植.

Plant them in medium pot individually.  Use clean, moist organic soil, slightly cover the sprouted seed, do not add more water.   Cover the whole pot with clear plastic bag, tie the bag opening then place somewhere warm and dapple shade location.  Open the bag to get fresh air once a day.  This way will keep bugs off, avoid strong wind and temperature dropping too fast.   When the shoot growing strong, leave the bag open for more air flow, but if seedlings do not react well, tie the bag again — keep an eye on these seedlings!

發芽的種子要個別種一中型盆.  盆土使用乾淨有濕氣的有機土,略覆土,如此濕氣足夠勿須澆水.   取乾淨透明塑膠袋將整盆放入後紮起開口處,然後放到溫暖散光處靜置等芽葉伸展.  袋子收口是為防蟲侵害小苗,也防風及溫度突降.  每天要開袋透風一次並觀察小苗生長的進度. 等小苗生長勢加快了,慢慢試著打開袋口,增加空氣流通也讓小苗適應外界的溫濕度及光線.  若小苗適應有點困難,加長封袋時間,總之以漸進式使小苗適應盆植的溫濕度後再適應無袋保護的狀態–適應期間最好常常檢查小苗狀況!

When the seedlings are growing well without bag covering, move them to partial shade first rather than full sun location.   Then eventually grow them in the full sun location.  Do not let seedlings dry out neither over water.

小苗長勢不錯的話可以去掉保護袋後先轉半日照不要一下子全日照.  當然其最後階段是使它們適應全日照.  水份控管很重要,不可乾掉也不可太濕.

Best growing outdoor in the ground in full sun location, otherwise can be planted in big pot to control growth.

以全日照地植為佳,否則以大盆來盆植藉以方便控制植株大小與冬天的溫濕度的掌控.

Slow growth.  In order to speed up the maturity, you can try self grafting method.  It will age the plant in shorter period of time.

生長速慢.  要提早結果的話可以嚐試植株的自體嫁接以達到快速老化成熟.

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Columbia Guinep or Spanish Lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) 哥倫比亞青龍眼

Columbia Guinep or Spanish Lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) 哥倫比亞青龍眼

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Columbia Guinep or Spanish Lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) 哥倫比亞青龍眼

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Columbia Guinep or Spanish Lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) fruit inner flesh and seed.哥倫比亞青龍眼果肉與種子.

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Columbia Guinep or Spanish Lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) seeds germination in about 1 month. 哥倫比亞青龍眼種子約1個月孵出.

Tropical fruit tree.  Fruit looks like small lime.  The inside flesh is silky and flavorful but not as sweet and firm just to compare with longan (Dimocarpus longan).  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location.  Small white fragrant flowers in late winter to mid spring.  Flowers attract bees and butterflies.  USDA Zones:9-11. Mature size: 40′(H) X 20′-30′(W). Propagate by seeds or layering.

熱帶果樹.  果實外觀像是小顆青檸.  果肉多汁酸甜適中,口感絲滑偏軟. 與龍眼相比,龍眼較甜,果肉口感也較紮實. 容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處. 冬末到仲春開白色芳香的小花.  花頗吸引蜂蝶. 喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高40呎,寬幅20-30呎.  繁殖以種子或壓條/高壓的方式來進行.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melicoccus_bijugatus     https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/102874/        http://www.iplantz.com/plant/1044/melicoccus-bijugatus/

Pepino or Melon Pear (Solanum muricatum) 人參果or南美香瓜茄

Pepino or Melon Pear (Solanum muricatum) 人參果or南美香瓜茄

2017-06-01 Pepino or Melon Pear (Solanum muricatum) 人參果or南美香瓜茄 (2) - Copy

Pepino or Melon Pear (Solanum muricatum) seeds. 人參果or南美香瓜茄的種子.

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Pepino or Melon Pear (Solanum muricatum) seeds germination in 10-14 days. 人參果or南美香瓜茄的種子10-14天孵出.

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Pepino or Melon Pear (Solanum muricatum) 人參果or南美香瓜茄

Tropical perennial.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location.  Violet flowers bloom repeatedly from mid spring to fall.  White fruit with purple markings, edible.   USDA Zones:9-11.  Mature size:3′-4′(H) X 9″-12″(W). Propagate by seeds or cuttings.

茄科的熱帶多年生水果. 容易栽種. 最好栽種在全日照到半日照處.  仲春到秋天紫色小花開花不斷.  花後結白色帶有紫色紋路的瓜果,熟果可食.  甜而脆. 植株喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高3-4呎,寬幅9吋到1呎. 繁殖以種子或扦插枝條的方式來進行.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_muricatum             https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%A6%99%E7%93%9C%E8%8C%84         http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/67352/#b                       http://su108.pixnet.net/blog/post/13444747-%E4%BA%BA%E8%94%98%E6%9E%9C%E2%86%92%E9%A6%99%E7%93%9C%E8%8C%84

 

Fuyu Persimmon (Diospyros kaki ‘Fuyu’) 富有柿

Fuyu Persimmon (Diospyros kaki ‘Fuyu’) 富有柿

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Fuyu Persimmon (Diospyros kaki ‘Fuyu’) fruit and seeds. 富有柿的果實與種子.

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Fuyu Persimmon (Diospyros kaki ‘Fuyu’) seed germination in about 10 days. 富有柿種子約10天左右孵出.

Deciduous fruit tree.  Fruit texture is more like apple, sugar content is high.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location.  Mid spring with white or yellow flowers. USDA Zones:7-11.  Mature size:15′-20′(H) X 20′-40′(W). Propagate by cuttings, budding or grafting.  Seedlings often graft on other type of persimmon seedlings.

會落葉的熱帶果樹.  吃起來果實口感接近蘋果,但是甜度更高些.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處. 春開黃白色花.  喜熱不甚耐寒.  成熟株高約15-20呎,寬幅20-40呎. 繁殖方式主以扦插,芽接或嫁接方式來進行.  種子苗通常嫁接在黑棗苗.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

http://www.specialtyproduce.com/produce/Fuyu_Persimmons_9071.php                 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%AF%8C%E6%9C%89                   http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/62306/#b

 

White Wax Apple(Syzygium samarangense)白蓮霧

White Wax Apple(Syzygium samarangense)白蓮霧

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White Wax Apple(Syzygium samarangense)白蓮霧

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White Wax Apple (Syzygium samarangense) and seeds from inside the fruit.白蓮霧及其切開後的種子.

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6 White Wax Apple (Syzygium samarangense) seeds from 3 wax apples. 從3顆白蓮霧果實取出的6枚種子.

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White Wax Apple(Syzygium samarangense) seeds all germinated! 白蓮霧種子都孵出.

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White Wax Apple(Syzygium samarangense) seeds growing true leaves! 白蓮霧種子長出本葉了!

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White Wax Apple(Syzygium samarangense) seedlings growing in good speed. 白蓮霧實生苗長速不慢.

Tropical fruit.  Also called: Java apple, Semarang rose-apple and wax jambu/wax apple.  The most common kind is with red/pink fruit.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location.  Pink flowers in late spring to mid fall.  Fruit is pear shape, juicy, crispy and sweet.  Flowers attract bees and butterflies, fruit attract birds and other wild life and edible to human.  USDA Zones:9-11. Mature size:15′-40′(H/W).  Propagate by seeds, cuttings, layering or grafting.   That growing from seeds to flower and fruit is slow, it will take 5-6 years to flower and fruit and the gene may not like the mother plant.

熱帶水果.  它有不少其他的名字.  較為常見的蓮霧是結著紅色/粉紅色的果實.  容易栽種. 最好栽種在全日照到半日照處. 春末到中秋期間開粉紅色花,花期很長. 果實為西洋梨形,多汁,且脆甜. 花頗吸引蜂蝶,果實鳥類也很愛,其他野生動物也會來覓食,它也是人類可以食用的水果.  成熟株高/寬幅為15-40呎.  繁殖以種子,扦插,壓條或嫁接等方式來進行.  種子較慢,要約5-6年才會開花結果且遺傳基因變數多很可能和親代有所不同.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E8%93%AE%E9%9C%A7                           https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syzygium_samarangense                                       http://www.tnfd.gov.tw/index.php?code=list&flag=detail&ids=73&article_id=3618    http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/57647/#b

Cherimola (Annona cherimola) 秘魯番荔枝

Cherimola (Annona cherimola) 秘魯番荔枝

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Cherimola (Annona cherimola) 祕魯番荔枝

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Cherimola (Annona cherimola) seeds.秘魯番荔枝的種子.

Tropical fruit tree.  Good size ripe fruit with very fragrant scent and lovely flavour! Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun location.  Yellowish green flowers in late spring to early summer.   USDA Zones:9-11. Mature size:15′-20′(H/W). Propagate by seeds, air layering or grafting. Seeds are toxic if ingested.

秘魯番荔枝又稱為毛葉番荔枝. 它是熱帶果樹. 熟果的個頭不小,果香濃郁果肉香甜多汁風味絕佳! 容易栽種. 最好栽種在全日照處. 春末夏初開黃綠色花,熟果時間長. 喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高及寬幅為15-20呎. 繁殖方式以種子,高壓或嫁接方式來進行.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherimoya
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%A7%98%E9%AD%AF%E7%95%AA%E8%8D%94%E6%9E%9D
http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/56035/

Sugar Apple/Sweetsop (Annona squamosa)番荔枝/釋迦

Sugar Apple/Sweetsop (Annona squamosa)番荔枝/釋迦

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Sugar Apple/Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) Left: Bottom view of a ripe sugar apple. Right:top view of a ripe sugar apple 番荔枝/釋迦熟果的上下面. 左:下面;右:上面.

 

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Sugar Apple/Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) inside flesh and seeds of a ripe sugar apple. 番荔枝/釋迦熟果的果肉與種子.

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Sugar Apple/Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) seeds from 2 fruit. 從2顆熟果採收出的番荔枝/釋迦種子.

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Sugar Apple/Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) seed germination. 番荔枝/釋迦種子孵出.

This tropical fruit tree bears very sweet fruit!  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location.  Suitable for growing in containers.  Late spring to early summer with small light green flowers and fruit slowly ripe later in fall.  Fruit is sweet and delicious!  USDA Zones:10+. Mature size:10′-12′(H) X 4′-20′(W) in tropical growing in the ground.  Lot of smaller when in pots.  Require quite a bit of fertilization.  If growing in cold climate will require over winter indoors in pot.   Propagate by seeds.   Seeds are toxic if ingested.  Fruit has to be harvest when they are very close to ripe otherwise will not be good enough for eating.  When fruit is ripe, the tortoise like shell gap will be open and become creamy yellow.

番荔枝它是熱帶水果,果實很甜!  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照到半日照處.  適合盆植.  春末夏初時開綠色小花,果實成熟的很慢.  果實香甜好吃!  喜熱不耐寒.  成熟株高地植可達10-12呎,寬幅4-20呎.  當然盆植的話植株大小要小很多.  重肥.  溫帶地區盆植要於秋天轉涼前搬進室內過冬.  繁殖以種子來進行.  種子有毒勿食.  果實不可過早採收,太早採收無法續熟會無法食用.  果實成熟時似龜甲的外皮溝會變寬轉淡黃色.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:                                                                                                                     https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annona_squamosa                         https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E7%95%AA%E8%8D%94%E6%9E%9D
http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/57879/