Tag Archive | native

Tigernut Sedge or Chufa Sedge (Cyperus esculentus) 油莎草

Tigernut Sedge or Chufa Sedge (Cyperus esculentus) 油莎草

2018-06-04 油莎草油莎豆黃土香(Cyperus esculentus) - Copy

Tigernut Sedge or Chufa Sedge (Cyperus esculentus) 油莎草

One of the common weeds!  Cold hardy perennial weedy grass.  Very useful!!   Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun location.  USDA Zones:4-9.  The nut like tubers are edible (eating raw or cooked, also are excellent for oil press), the above ground part are good for animal feed.  The nut like tubers taste fragrant and slightly sweet.  Propagate by seeds, bulbs or division.  Fast growing.

它是北美一種原生常見的雜草!  耐寒強健的多年生草.  非常有用!  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照處. 耐寒也還算耐熱.  可以食用的地下塊莖(可ˋ以直接食用或煮食,更能榨出清香的食用油), 植物的地上部分可供作動物食用的草料.  像是堅果般的地下塊莖又稱為"油莎豆"(英文稱為Tigernut),它的營養價值可是非常高,嚐起來的口味微微甜.  據說其脂肪含量與橄欖相似,富含礦物質特別是磷和鉀且油莎草塊莖不含膽固醇,含鈉量相當低.   繁殖方式以種子,塊莖或分株的方法來進行.  生長快速.

Reference links:參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyperus_esculentus                                          https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/油莎草                           https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/31765/                         http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/local/paper/361688                        https://baike.baidu.com/item/油莎草                             http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/ontweeds/yellow_nutsedge.htm

廣告

Black Lima Beans or Butter Beans (Phaseolus lunatus ‘Guatemalan Black’)黑色皇帝豆

Black Lima Beans or Butter Beans (Phaseolus lunatus ‘Guatemalan Black’)黑色皇帝豆

2018-04-24 Black Lima Bean - Copy

Black Lima Beans or Butter Beans (Phaseolus lunatus ‘Guatemalan Black’) seed germination. 黑色皇帝豆種子發芽.

Annual, bush type bean.  This unique native variety has black seed “skin" .  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun location.  Propagate by seeds.  Seeds are edible after cooked otherwise is toxic.

一年生,叢生非爬藤類.  這品種是原生於瓜地馬拉山區的,種皮黑色.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照處.  繁殖以種子的方式來進行.  種子煮後可食,生食有毒.

Reference links:參考網站資料連結:

https://www.rareseeds.com/guatemalan-black-lima-bean/               https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lima_bean                                                                                       https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%A3%89%E8%B1%86                       http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=59

American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) 美洲柿

American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) 美洲柿

2017-07-19 American Persimmon Seeds (2) - Copy

American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) seeds. 美洲柿的種子.

2017-08-10 American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) 美洲柿 - Copy

American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) seeds start to germinate in day 21. 美洲柿的種籽第3週開始陸續發芽.

2017-08-13 American Persimmon - Copy

American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) seedling (2nd year). 美洲柿實生小苗(第2年).

Cold hardy fruit tree.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun location.  White/green flowers in late spring to early summer.  Flowers attract bees and butterflies.  Plant is either male or female so will require both to produce fruit. Better grow enough to make sure able to have both male and female plants flowering at the same time.  USDA Zones:5-9.  Mature size:30′-40′(H/W).  Propagate by seeds or air-layering.  Sweet ripe fruit can be harvested around frost time in fall.

耐寒強健的果樹.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在全日照處.  春末夏初時開白綠色的花.  花頗吸引蜂蝶.  植株是雌雄異株. 需要多種幾棵以保同時雄株與雌株能同時開花以授粉結果.  耐寒也耐熱.  成熟株高/寬幅30-40呎. 繁殖以種子或高壓的方式來進行.  秋天霜降前後果熟可以採收. 果實味甜.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diospyros_virginiana                     http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/975/#b

Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草

Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草

2015-05-06

Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草

2017-07-18 Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草 (3) - Copy

Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) seed pod and seeds. 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草的種莢與種子.

2017-10-17 Trillium erectum (1) - Copy

Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) seeds start to germinate after 3 months! 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草種子播種3個月後開始發芽了!

2017-12-18 Red Trillium Seeds Germination - Copy

Red Trillium (Trillium erectum) seeds germination. 直立延齡草or紅花延齡草的種子發芽.

Cold hardy bulbous perennial.  Easy to grow.  Best growing in partial shade to light shade location in moist soil.  Showy dark red flowers in mid to late spring.  Flowers attract bees.  USDA Zones:2-8.  Mature size:1′-1.5′(H) X 9″-1′(W).   Propagate by seeds (do not store well), rhizomes, tubers, offsets or division.

耐寒強健的多年生球根花卉. 容易栽種.  最好栽種在半日照到散光處,排水佳的濕潤土壤.  仲春到春末開亮麗的暗紅色花朵.  花頗吸引蜂類.  極耐寒但不甚耐熱.  成熟株高1-1.5呎,寬幅6吋到1呎.  繁殖以種子(活性短,無法久存),地下根莖/球根/側芽或分株的方式來進行.

Reference links:   參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trillium_erectum               http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1108/#b                         http://sequimplants.com/sowing-trilliums-and-other-hard-to-grow-seed

Shagbark Hickory (carya ovate) 糙皮山胡桃樹

Shagbark Hickory (carya ovate) 糙皮山胡桃樹

2016-01-04 002 (Medium)

Shagbark Hickory (carya ovate) nuts. 糙皮山胡桃樹的堅果.

One of the native hickory species.  Very hardy.  Best growing in full sun location.  The shaggy bark is making this tree easily identified.  Small flowers in mid spring and edible nuts mature in late fall.  Nuts attract birds and other wild animals.   USDA Zones:3-9.  Mature size:40′(H)/(W).  Propagate by seeds.  Wood are used for smoking meat, gives flavor to food and are used for making tools and equipements requie higher strength, such as axe handles, ploughs, skis, and drum sticks…etc.

它是這裡原生的山胡桃的一種.  非常強健耐寒.  最好栽種於全日照處.  它樹皮獨特的糙皮令它容易辨識. 春天開很小不起眼的花,花後結果,秋末果實才會成熟.  堅果除了人可食用外也吸引不少野生動物前來覓食.  耐寒也頗耐熱.  成熟株高40呎高/寬幅.  多以種子來繁殖.  它的木片可用來燻肉,它的木製容器增加食物飲料風味,木材很高耐力,經久耐用常用以製造需高耐用度耐久的工具,如:斧頭柄,鼓槌等…

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carya_ovata              http://zh.wikihow.com/%E9%89%B4%E5%88%AB%E5%B1%B1%E8%83%A1%E6%A1%83%E6%A0%91                       http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/58130/

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃

2018-02-02 Bitternut HickoryYellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃 (1) - Copy

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) seed germination. 心形山核桃的種子孵出,約6個月.

2018-04-09 Bitternut HickoryYellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃 - Copy

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) seedling start to grow the true leaves! 心形山核桃的實生苗長出本葉了!

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) 心形山核桃

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) tree bark. 心形山核桃樹幹的皮紋.

Bitternut Hickory/Yellow-bud Hickory (Carya cordiformis) tree bark. 心形山核桃樹幹的皮紋.

This native deciduous tree is very hardy.  Bitternut hickory has short life span, around 200 years.  It has been grown for commercial lumber and pulpwood because its hard wood.  The wood is common used for smoking meat.  Wildlife enjoy its nuts but not edible for human.  Easy to grow in full sun to partial shade location.  Tiny yellow green flowers in spring.  Foliage turn golden yellow in fall.  Mature size:40′(H)/(W).  USDA Zones:3-9.  Propagate by seeds or cuttings.

這種是非常強健的原生落葉喬木.  它是同屬中平均壽命最短的一種,約200年.  它常用來種植取其硬木木材作為傢俱及其造紙的木漿.  木片常用於燻肉用看過有賣一小包還不便宜.  它的堅果野生動物喜食,但人類不能食用. 容易栽種於全日照到半日照處.  春開穗狀小小的黃綠色花.   葉子的秋色為金黃色.   成熟株高及寬幅為40呎左右.  耐寒耐熱性佳.  繁殖以種子或扦插為主.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carya_cordiformis

http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/69529/

Adder’s-tongue fern (Ophioglossum vulgatum) 瓶爾小草/一葉草

Adder’s-tongue fern (Ophioglossum vulgatum) 瓶爾小草/一葉草

2017-06-01 Adder's-tongue fern (Ophioglossum vulgatum) 瓶爾小草一葉草 (3) - Copy

Adder’s-tongue fern (Ophioglossum vulgatum) 瓶爾小草/一葉草

It is a small native fern.  Perennial.  USDA Zones:3-8. Easy to grow. Best growing in partial shade to full shade location in moist soil.  Mature size:6″-1′(H).  Propagate by spores or division.  Medicinal. 

瓶爾小草屬(Ophioglossum)是一種喜蔭溼的陸生小型的蕨類.  北半球皆有分佈.  容易栽種.  最好栽種在半日照到全蔭處的濕潤土壤.  成熟株高6吋到1呎.   以孢子或分株方式來繁殖.   藥用.  瓶爾小草屬是染色體最多的已知生物,有高達1,260條染色體.

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ophioglossum_vulgatum                          http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E7%93%B6%E5%B0%94%E5%B0%8F%E8%8D%89%E5%B1%9E#cite_note-1           http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/65096/                        http://mysuper.com.tw/read.php?tid=33856                                               https://kmweb.coa.gov.tw/subject/ct.asp?xItem=1029724&ctNode=9020&mp=369&kpi=0&hashid=