Tree Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa) 牡丹花
Very hardy and easy to grow, native in China. Tree peony is shrub and garden peony is herbaceous perennial, many people mixed them up. Garden peony died back to ground and re-emerge in spring. Tree peony have twigs and under matured buds for next year over winter period.
It has medicinal uses in Chinese medicine. Most of tree peony plant in market are cultivated plants. Some are grafted. Tree peony has 100 years+ life span and garden peony is 50+. Some varieties are extremely fragrant and with large flowers. Flowers so huge, luxury look and fragrant and the epidermis of its roots is used in traditional Chinese medicine so Chinese call it king of flowers and use tree peony flowers to represent or imply wealth.
牡丹是木本灌木,芍藥是草本. 牡丹比芍藥早開. 很多人常將之混淆. 在中藥上牡丹是很重要的藥用植物. 市上所見的品種絕大多數是園藝種. 有些牡丹甚至於是牡丹嫁接在芍藥根上的. 牡丹花可活超過百年之久,芍藥則至少有50年.
牡丹花巨大,富貴逼人且香氣濃郁怡人,其根皮稱為’牡丹皮’或簡稱’丹皮’,是重要的中藥藥材. 故自古以來受到人們的喜愛. 牡丹花有’花王’之稱,常用來代表或寓意富貴.