Tag Archive | 強健易栽種

How to grow lily-of-the-valley from seeds (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭種子孵法

How to grow lily-of-the-valley from seeds (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭種子孵法

Lily-of-the valley fragrant white flowers in spring. 春天鈴蘭的白色有強香的鈴狀小花.

Lily-of-the-valley (Convallaria majalis) extremely fragrant white flowers in spring. 春天鈴蘭的白色有強香的鈴狀小花.

Lily-of-the-valley roots. (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭的地下葉芽與根狀莖.

Lily-of-the-valley bulbs and rhizomes. (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭的地下葉芽與根狀莖.

Ripe fruit of lily-of-the valley in fall. 秋天成熟的鈴蘭漿果.

Ripe fruit of lily-of-the valley in fall. 秋天成熟的鈴蘭漿果.

Lily-of-the-valley seeds (Convallaria majalis) 鈴蘭種子.

Lily-of-the-valley seeds (Convallaria majalis) 鈴蘭種子.

Lily-of-the-valley  seeds germination.(Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭種子一個月左右孵出.

Lily-of-the-valley seeds germination.(Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭種子一個月左右孵出.

Lily-of-the-valley seedlings forming the first shoot/bulb.(Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭小苗出根後長出第一個小筍芽.

Lily-of-the-valley seedlings forming the first shoot/bulb.(Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭小苗出根後長出第一個小筍芽.

Lily-of-the-valley seedlings forming the first shoot/bulb.  Shoot is turning green. (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭小苗出根後長出第一個小筍芽. 筍芽轉綠了.

Lily-of-the-valley seedlings forming the first shoot/bulb. Shoot is turning green. (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭小苗出根後長出第一個小筍芽. 筍芽轉綠了.

Lily-of-the-valley seedlings forming the first shoot/bulb. Shoot is turning green. (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭小苗出根後長出第一個小筍芽. 筍芽轉綠了.

Lily-of-the-valley seedlings forming the first shoot/bulb. Shoot is turning green. (Convallaria majalis)鈴蘭小苗出根後長出第一個小筍芽. 筍芽轉綠了.

This plant usually can be propagated by dividing plant clumps, rhizomes, bulbs or seeds.  Best time to do so is in late fall/winter and the second best time is early spring.  If growing from seeds, seeds need a cold period time in fridge at least a month to simulate winter.

播種時間點以秋播為主,初春應該會長出. 春播次之.種子要冷層積,如:冰箱冷藏個1個月.
1.In a re-sealable bag fill with some moist potting soil or water moss and current year harvest viable seeds.  Moist has to be when squeeze the soil or water moss, water will drip out slowly. Seal the bag and put the bag in the fridge where you store veggies and fruit for one month.
1.用新鮮當年採收的種子裝入夾鍊袋後一些培養土或水苔再加上一些水(要有濕到會滴水的程度)封好,平放在冰箱蔬果貯藏區約1個月.
2.After one month, take the bag out, remove the bag and plant seeds in a pot with light soil cover on top.  Place the pot in partial shade or dapple shade location.  Any well drained soil or growing medium will do for planting.   Keep soil moist until seeds germinated, around 1 months. I tried germinating seeds directly it is around 1 month.
2.時間到後取出播於盆土,種子不喜光可蓋淺淺的土就好. 種植處須半日照或散光處. 土壤不拘但必須排水良好+保濕良好. 繼續保濕到發芽長葉為止,約孵1個月會出芽.  我試過不冰直接苗盆播,約1個月出芽.
3.After germination, keep the pot in partial shade, keep seedlings moist is the key.  When seedlings has rhizome — you will see another leaf popping out, It is time you can transplant the seedlings to the ground or a bigger pot.  It will take about 3 years to grow from seeds to flower.  (Seedlings will age faster if growing in less fertile soil.)  Apply  fertilizer with higher ratio phosphate to grow strong root system and bigger bulbs.  Its white dainty cute bell shape flowers are extremely fragrant and pleasant!  Too bad the blooming time is short, only 2-3 weeks in spring.  In fall, the fruit ripe and turn orange red.  There are off white or yellow seeds inside its berry like fruit.
3.出芽後讓小苗們在半日照處生長. 保溼很重要.  等很快會開始長出走莖(長出另一枝),即可換盆或地植. 從種子到開花約3年. (用不肥沃的田土種比培養土好.) 葉片過於肥大的話要施些磷肥. 我認為球不冰也可以,只要將盆放置在半日照陰涼處. 注意保濕不要乾死. 鈴蘭花形可愛小巧,香氣濃郁怡人很特別,春天很短的兩三週是花期. 秋天結橘紅色漿果. 漿果中有米白色或黃色種子.
Whole plant is toxic if eaten. 
整株是有毒的,雖可為藥用. 但要小心勿亂食用.
The flower language of lily-of-the-valley: Return to happiness.
鈴蘭的花語:幸福的回歸
廣告

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings are in prograss. Day 40.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗生長中第40天.

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings are in prograss. Day 40.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗生長中第40天.

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings are in prograss. Day 30.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗生長中第30天.

Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) is very easy to grow from seeds.  The seeds usually sprout in 15 days.   蔓越莓/紅莓苔子容易以種子繁殖,15天左右就發芽.

European cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) is very easy to grow from seeds. They usually sprout in 15 days. 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子容易以種子繁殖,15天左右就發芽.

European Cranberry seedling. (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子小苗.

European Cranberry seedling. (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子小苗.

It also has other common names: small cranberry, bog cranberry, swamp cranberry.  It is evergreen, low broadleaf shrub.  Very hardy and easy to grow.  Native in northern hemisphere.  European cranberry prefers full sun to partail shade location in acidic moist soil.   Small pink flowers in spring and fruit ripe in fall.   Mature size: 6″(H) X 2′(W).  USDA Zones:3-10.  (As I know, some gardeners tried in zone 11 and they are able to grow under shade but not able to fruit.)  Easy to be propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering or dividing the plant clump.

紅莓苔子又稱蔓越橘、小紅莓.   它是常綠低矮的小型灌木.   原生於北半球各地.  極為耐寒,(在溫暖的台灣北部能生長並結果而南部也都能生長但無法結果. 見: http://sumingta.blogspot.ca/2012/07/blog-post_8524.html ) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子容易以帶有地下根莖的分株,壓條,扦插或種子繁殖,種子15天左右就發芽.  春天開粉紅色小花,結果後於秋天果實成熟為紅色,直接生食酸澀,多加糖調味做成蜜餞,果醬,蛋糕/派或果汁飲品.  濃縮的純果汁在醫學上有明顯的抗泌尿發炎的效果.

How to grow cranberry from seeds:

蔓越莓/紅莓苔子種子孵法

英文名:European Cranberry
學名:Vaccinium oxycoccus
中文名:蔓越莓/紅莓苔子(小紅莓)

1.Use fresh seeds, slightly acidic soil or peat moss.  Using a clear container with lid will keep the soil moist for seeds to germinate.

1.使用當季成熟果實取出種子.  土壤用偏酸性易保水的泥炭土.  使用透明有蓋的容器,蓋子悶著可以保濕會早點孵出來.  我是用食物/水果外帶的那種透明容器.

2.Moist the soil or peat moss, if it is too saggy, squeeze off the extra water.  Sprinkle the seeds on the surface then keep the lid on.  Place the container in partial shade warm location.  Check and let air flow once a day.  If minor molding occurred, let it be.  If it is bad, let the container under direct sunlight for half an hour to kill mold then continue the process.

2.先將土壤加水濕潤,太濕可以稍微擠掉水.  灑上種子後不覆土要加蓋悶.  置於溫暖有半日照處靜置.  每隔幾天開封檢查並透氣.  有稍微發黴的話沒有關係可以不用管它.  嚴重的話要開蓋太陽直射半小時後噴濕後繼續悶孵.

3.From day 15, you will see sprouting seeds.   Transplant the seedling when they are old enough (around 8 true leaves).  After germination, plants grow slowly so be patient!

3.約15天種子就會發芽.  待小小苗出現8片本葉後可分株假植.  保濕是存活的關鍵.  發芽後長很慢所以要有耐心!

4.Plant from seed to flower will take 3-4 years.

4.從種子到開花約要3-4年.

Potentilla (Potentilla fruticosa)金露梅

Potentilla (Potentilla fruticosa)金露梅

Potentilla fruticosa 'Gold Drop'金露梅

Potentilla fruticosa ‘Gold Drop’金露梅


Potentilla fruticosa 'Gold Drop'金露梅

Potentilla fruticosa ‘Gold Drop’金露梅

Beautiful flowering shrub, very hardy and easy to grow. Best in full sun to partial shade location. USDA Zones:3-7. Flower colour are vary, from white, yellow, pink and orange.

Potentilla fruticosa ‘Gold Drop’is about 3’ tall and wide. Some varieties are smaller. Potentilla have very long blooming time, from late spring to almost end of fall. Great value!

薔薇科委陵菜屬,小型開花性的落葉灌木. 花期很長且開花不斷. 最好一年修剪一次,最佳修剪時間為秋末冬初. 容易扦插繁殖. 全日照或半日照處種植為佳. 花色有白,黃,粉紅及橘色.

Allium (Allium) 繡球蔥

Allium  (Allium) 繡球蔥

Allium karataviense 'Ivory Queen' 繡球蔥

Allium karataviense ‘Ivory Queen’ 繡球蔥

Allium karataviense 'Ivory Queen' 繡球蔥

Allium karataviense ‘Ivory Queen’ 繡球蔥

Allium  繡球蔥

Allium 繡球蔥

Allium they are also called ‘flowering onion’, very hardy perennial bulb.   Flower head sizes are vary and common flower colour are: white, pink, purple in late spring.  They prefer well drained soil and in full sun/partial shade location.

繡球蔥是晚春開花的球根花卉.  強健易栽種.  全日照或半日照,土壤排水要好.  常見的花色為:白色,粉紅色和紫色.  不同品種的花球大小和植株的高度差別很大.

 

 

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

Fringe Tree (Linociera) 李欖

 

Hardy small flowering tree or shrub.  Easy to grow in full sun or partial shade location in well drained soil.  It is suitable for small garden.  Many white, very fragrant flowers bloom in spring.   USDA Zones: 4-9.

李欖是春天開白色香花的小型樹或灌木.  強健易栽種,全日照或半日照,土壤排水要佳.  很適合小型花園.