Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) 木鱉果

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) 木鱉果

2016-02-12 005 (Large)

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seeds. 木鱉果的種子.

2016-02-12 007 (Large)

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seeds. 木鱉果的種子.

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Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seeds after remove the shells. 木鱉果的種子去殼後的樣子.

2017-01-27spiny-bitter-cucumber-or-gac-momordica-cochinchinensis-%e6%9c%a8%e9%b1%89%e6%9e%9c-3-copy

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) seed germination in about 7-10 days. 木鱉果種子約7-10天孵出.

2017-03-13 Gac木鱉果 - Copy

Spiny Bitter Cucumber/Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis) plants start to climb on bamboo sticks. 木鱉果植株開始攀爬在竹枝上面.

Tropical tender perennial vine.  Native in Southeast Asia. Easy to grow.  Best growing in full sun to partial shade location in warm and moist soil.  The value of this plant is in its orange red juicy seed coating/pulp for sticky rice which is vibrant, flavourful and nutritious.  Seeds are toxic if eaten, but it is medicinal.  Spiny fruit peel is dark red with short soft spiny bumps the look is quite unique.  The plant is either male or female.  So make sure you have both for fruit purpose!  Yellow flowers bloom from late spring to fall, fruit ripe in late fall/early winter to late winter.  Tender shoots can be blanched first then for stir-fry.  Unripe green fruit in whole also can be used for cooking.  Fruit start to ripe will be toxic and only the ripe fruit seed red juicy coatings are eaten as fruit.   USDA Zones:9-11.  Mature size:   Seeds are medicinal.  Seeds are toxic if ingested.

木鱉果是熱帶多年生藤類.  原生於南亞各地.  容易栽種. 最好栽種於全日照到半日照處的溫暖濕潤的土壤.  它的栽種價值在於它的熟果內包覆種子的果肉,直接去籽食用或混入米食內料理成顏色鮮艷,味道更佳的營養米食.  種子有毒勿食,種子是有名的中藥材.  橘紅色有短短的軟刺熟果還蠻特別的.  植株是雌雄異株,所以以結果為前提來種植的話要多孵幾顆種子才行以提高雌雄株皆有的機率.  春末到秋開黃花,花後結果於秋末到冬末才成熟.  嫩莖葉可汆燙後炒食.  未熟的綠色果實整顆可以煮食料理.  快轉熟變色的瓜要等熟成後才能食用其包覆種子的果肉.  植株喜熱怕冷.  成熟植株可達30呎長.  

Reference links: 參考網站資料連結:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gac                                                               https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E6%9C%A8%E9%B1%89%E6%9E%9C      http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/174939/          http://www.seedman.com/gac.htm             http://www.zysj.com.cn/zhongyaocai/yaocai_m/mubiezi.html                        http://allseasonsgofarm.blogspot.ca/                                                    http://cht.a-hospital.com/w/%E6%9C%A8%E9%B3%96%E5%AD%90  https://www.richters.com/Web_store/web_store.cgi?product=X8345&show=&prodclass=Herb_and_Vegetable_Seeds&cart_id=111.100

 

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