European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings are in prograss. Day 40.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗生長中第40天.

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings are in prograss. Day 40.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗生長中第40天.

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗

European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) seedlings are in prograss. Day 30.蔓越莓/紅莓苔子實生苗生長中第30天.

Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) is very easy to grow from seeds.  The seeds usually sprout in 15 days.   蔓越莓/紅莓苔子容易以種子繁殖,15天左右就發芽.

European cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) is very easy to grow from seeds. They usually sprout in 15 days. 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子容易以種子繁殖,15天左右就發芽.

European Cranberry seedling. (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子小苗.

European Cranberry seedling. (Vaccinium oxycoccus) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子小苗.

It also has other common names: small cranberry, bog cranberry, swamp cranberry.  It is evergreen, low broadleaf shrub.  Very hardy and easy to grow.  Native in northern hemisphere.  European cranberry prefers full sun to partail shade location in acidic moist soil.   Small pink flowers in spring and fruit ripe in fall.   Mature size: 6″(H) X 2′(W).  USDA Zones:3-10.  (As I know, some gardeners tried in zone 11 and they are able to grow under shade but not able to fruit.)  Easy to be propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering or dividing the plant clump.

紅莓苔子又稱蔓越橘、小紅莓.   它是常綠低矮的小型灌木.   原生於北半球各地.  極為耐寒,(在溫暖的台灣北部能生長並結果而南部也都能生長但無法結果. 見: http://sumingta.blogspot.ca/2012/07/blog-post_8524.html ) 蔓越莓/紅莓苔子容易以帶有地下根莖的分株,壓條,扦插或種子繁殖,種子15天左右就發芽.  春天開粉紅色小花,結果後於秋天果實成熟為紅色,直接生食酸澀,多加糖調味做成蜜餞,果醬,蛋糕/派或果汁飲品.  濃縮的純果汁在醫學上有明顯的抗泌尿發炎的效果.

How to grow cranberry from seeds:

蔓越莓/紅莓苔子種子孵法

英文名:European Cranberry
學名:Vaccinium oxycoccus
中文名:蔓越莓/紅莓苔子(小紅莓)

1.Use fresh seeds, slightly acidic soil or peat moss.  Using a clear container with lid will keep the soil moist for seeds to germinate.

1.使用當季成熟果實取出種子.  土壤用偏酸性易保水的泥炭土.  使用透明有蓋的容器,蓋子悶著可以保濕會早點孵出來.  我是用食物/水果外帶的那種透明容器.

2.Moist the soil or peat moss, if it is too saggy, squeeze off the extra water.  Sprinkle the seeds on the surface then keep the lid on.  Place the container in partial shade warm location.  Check and let air flow once a day.  If minor molding occurred, let it be.  If it is bad, let the container under direct sunlight for half an hour to kill mold then continue the process.

2.先將土壤加水濕潤,太濕可以稍微擠掉水.  灑上種子後不覆土要加蓋悶.  置於溫暖有半日照處靜置.  每隔幾天開封檢查並透氣.  有稍微發黴的話沒有關係可以不用管它.  嚴重的話要開蓋太陽直射半小時後噴濕後繼續悶孵.

3.From day 15, you will see sprouting seeds.   Transplant the seedling when they are old enough (around 8 true leaves).  After germination, plants grow slowly so be patient!

3.約15天種子就會發芽.  待小小苗出現8片本葉後可分株假植.  保濕是存活的關鍵.  發芽後長很慢所以要有耐心!

4.Plant from seed to flower will take 3-4 years.

4.從種子到開花約要3-4年.

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