Stream Orchid /Broad-leaved Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) 小河蘭
Native wild ground orchid. It roots quite deep under the ground often under the big trees. Shade and drought tolerant. In spring it grows rapidly and flower in early summer than seed in fall. Flowers are small and slightly fragrant.
小河蘭為原生土植的蘭花之一根系在土表下深度約6″到1呎多. 植株在4月底5月初破土後快速成長. 花小於6月底開到7月有時8月花開後若蠅類授粉於秋天中期或末期會結籽. 花有微香. 籽囊裡的種子很輕很細常隨風飄送. 種子顏色灰白或灰褐色.
This is one of the common native orchids in Ontario, Canada. I see them free flowering in July/August under big trees. No fragrance, flower size is small about 1cm (3/8″) across on a flower stem, seed pods usually mature around October, self seeded. Mature plant height is almost 60 cm (24″), they prefer shade. 北美原生的小河蘭,成熟植株約達2呎高,夏天7月/8月開花,十月種子達成熟會爆開,種子粉狀細小,容易生長繁殖,喜生長在陰暗的大樹下. 花無香味,有逐漸城市化的趨勢.